San Francisco wastes money on contractors with subpar performance records
As any job seeker knows, it's tough to compete for a desirable gig if you can't point to a solid track record. You might think this would be especially true for city contractors who stand to make a killing on lucrative construction projects.
Take, for instance, a $283.2 million San Francisco Public Utilities Commission contract awarded to perform an absolutely essential service: making seismic and hydraulic retrofits to water-treatment units.
With close to $300 million in taxpayer dollars on the line, not to mention the general importance of having a properly functioning water treatment system in the event of an earthquake, you might think the city would kick some tires and make a few inquiries about the company's track record before signing a deal.
But according to the results of an audit issued May 20 by the Office of the Controller, local agencies do not "consider past performance in the construction contract award process."
Which is to say, there is no mechanism preventing city agencies from awarding high-paying construction gigs — over and over again — to bidders who have done a terrible job in the past.
For the water-treatment fixes, the SFPUC wound up selecting what the controller's audit charitably termed a "poor-performing" contractor. It didn't go well: The company "delivered poor quality control, and applied poor project management," according to the audit.
It issued 87 "change orders" — adding work beyond what was outlined in the original contract — consequently padding the bill by an additional $2.1 million. And this contractor was hit with 70 noncompliance notices, issued when a contractor isn't following the obligations spelled out in the contract. Sending out those notices eats up city resources, auditors noted, while following up on them necessitates further inspections and site visits.
Although the audit didn't name the contractor, the amount allocated and work described suggests that it was Keiwit Infrastructure West Co., hired to take on a water treatment plant retrofit project at the SFPUC's Harry Tracy facility, which treats drinking water that originates at the Crystal Springs Reservoir System.
According to the project website, "Seismic retrofits and electrical upgrades will allow us to reliably provide up to 140 million gallons of water per day, for 60 days, within 24 hours of a major earthquake. Harry Tracy serves several communities on the Peninsula in addition to San Francisco." The company didn't return a call from the Guardian seeking comment.
Why was a problematic contractor entrusted with such a critical project? According to the audit, city law does in fact require a contractor to have "a record of prior timely performance," and a history of dealing with the city "in good faith."
But there's no system for holding contractors to these standards. Since the city has no system in place for evaluating bids based on a contractors' past performance, it's anyone's guess whether this contractor had a poor track record before being hired — and there is nothing to prevent the firm from being hired yet again despite the problems encountered by the SFPUC.
The city contracting process follows a scoring system to ensure that the contract award is impartial and equitable — but since it doesn't factor in a contractor's prior track record, that's never formally considered.
And because the city doesn't require contractor evaluations, or maintain any centralized database of records showing how well contractors have carried out their duties in the past, "poor-performing contractors — even contractors incapable of performing the work on which they bid — can secure additional city contracts," auditors found.